Vacuum Oil Company

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The Vacuum Oil Company was founded in 1866, based in Rochester, NY. The company's main product was a patented machine lubricant called Gargoyle 600-W Steam Cylinder Oil. The company was known for its legal problems, starting in 1887 when the owners were found guilty of conspiracy to destroy a competitor’s factory in Buffalo. In 1907, Vacuum Oil and Standard Oil were indicted for violations of interstate commerce laws. Nevertheless, the 600-W Cylinder Oil remained the preferred oil for steam engines and automobiles. In 1931, Vacuum Oil merged with Standard Oil, becoming the world’s 3rd largest oil company, renamed the Vacuum-Socony Corporation. In 1955, the company became Socony-Mobil, and in 1963, Mobil-gas, and eventually Mobil-Exxon.